As described in the application note, “Piezo Actuators – Mounting and Handling Guidelines”, mounting hardware must not apply a moment or lateral loading to the output faces of the actuator frames. If mounting conditions or loading may apply a moment or allow lateral motion, the user should apply isolation flexures or ball pivots to the actuator’s output faces or use supplementary bearing stages to carry the moments or lateral loads.
A example of a simple isolation method using hemisphere pivots is shown in Figure 1. The wrapped around frame may be comprised of conventional hinge mechanisms or a flexure using a resilient material. Spherical pivots can be full or hemispheres and may be captured in machined divots in the wrap around frame.
The follower frame can also be designed with a spring preload in order to carry any stretching load that might act to separate the frame from the Piezo-Actuator. Figure 2 shows a different scheme for achieving the same purposes.
A example of a simple flexure method for isolating the actuator using cross flexures is shown in Figure 3. Another option is the use of conventional shaker stingers (like those on voice-coil shakers) on the actuator outputs.
Naturally, when flexures, stingers or spherical joints are used, off axis loading will cause rotation of the unit. External guidance (Figure 1) or external stages like ball or crossed roller stages will prevent such rotation.
DSM can be contracted to design a suitable frame for your application.